Kyiv is the capital and largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper River. The population of the city is 2 928 193 making Kiev the 7th most populous city in Europe. Kyiv is an important industrial, scientific, educational, and cultural center of Eastern Europe. It is home to many high-tech industries, higher education institutions and world-famous historical landmarks. The city has an extensive infrastructure and highly developed system of public transport, including the Kyiv Metro.The city’s name is said to derive from the name of Kyi, one of its four legendary founders. During its history, Kyiv, one of the oldest cities in Eastern Europe, passed through several stages of great prominence and relative obscurity. The city probably existed as a commercial center as early as the 5th century.